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Country fact sheet: Czechia

COLORECTAL CANCER SCREENING PROGRAMME

Reporting year for qualitative data: 2016
Source of qualitative data: Other (EU Report 2017)

Organization of screening

An individual/team/institution responsible to coordinate the programme: Yes
Dedicated budget for screening programme: Yes
Documented cancer screening policy: Yes
Nature of documentation of the policy: Recommendation
Year programme was initiated: 2000
Programme introduction was preceded by a pilot: -
Screening tests provided free of charge: Yes
Diagnostic tests provided free of charge: -
Treatment services provided free of charge: -

Information system and data collection

System that collects data: Individual
   • Identification of eligible population: -
   • Screening participation: -
   • Screening test results: -
   • Further assessment: -
   • Final pathology diagnosis: -
   • Cancer staging: -
   • Treatment: -
The information system exists at national or sub-national level: Individual: Unknown
Aggregated: Unknown
The information system collects data outside the programme (opportunistic screening/private sector): -
Cancer screening data is linked with population-based cancer registry (PBCR): PBCR exists but not linked

Screening protocol

A screening protocol or guideline: -
Year of published/updated protocol: -
Target age (min-max) and screening interval [months] for each test: FIT (50- years / [24 months])
Colonoscopy (55- years / [120 months])

Invitations for screening and further assessment

Initiatives to create population awareness by the Health Ministry/Health Authority: -
Invitations to eligible population: Yes
Source of the eligible individuals identified:
Method of invitation: Letter
Screening kit included with the invitation: No
Screen positive individuals actively contacted for further assessment: No
Individuals with a precancer or cancer diagnosis actively contacted: -

Quality Assurance (QA) of screening activities

Documented standard operating procedure/policy for QA: Yes
An individual/team/institution responsible for QA: Yes
Accreditation of endoscopy units: -
Accreditation of pathology services: -
Documented performance indicators: Yes
Reference standards for performance indicators: -
Evaluation reports published in the last five years: Yes

Performance indicators

Reporting year for quantitative data: 2016
Source of quantitative data: Report (EU Report 2017)

FIT gFOBT Sigmoidoscopy   Colonoscopy
Target age and regional limitation if applicable: 50-74 50-74
Invitation coverage (%):
Participation rate (%):
Examination coverage (%): 31.4 1.7
Completeness of data related to screening results (%): 100.0
Completeness of data related to information about attendance to colonoscopy assessment (%): 100.0
Further assessment (diagnosis colonoscopy) rate (%): 7.4 4.1
Further assessment participation rate (%): 52.8 80.2
Detection rate of adenomas (x 1000): 15.3 6.9
Detection rate of advanced adenomas (x 1000): 7.1
Detection rate of colorectal cancers (x 1000): 1.1 1.0
Positive Predictive Value of further assessment to detect adenomas (%): 39.0 20.9
Positive Predictive Value of further assessment to detect advanced adenomas (%): 18.2
Positive Predictive Value of further assessment to detect colorectal cancers (%): 3.0 3.1
More quantitative data for FIT (Male - 2013)
More quantitative data for FIT (Women - 2013)
More quantitative data for Colonoscopy (Male - 2013)
More quantitative data for Colonoscopy (Women - 2013)


Check also the following factsheets: Czechia, Breast, Cervical